I find myself explaining the difference between dry and dehydrated skin at least once a week and thought I’d put my ranting knowledge on here rather than on the poor client who come into discuss their latest projects with me.
The difference between dry and dehydrated skin is simple, easy to determine and something you should become well versed in.
Dry skin lacks oil (or sebum if you want to get technical) and is a skin type – meaning you can’t “cure” dry skin, but rather must learn which products and treatments are best for this type. Signs of dry skin are small pores, red flakey patches, tight feeling skin, and a lack of sebum production. Skin types can and do change over time due to where you live, age, and hormonal changes, etc. but they are not cured with one product, only managed.
Since dry skin is lacking oil, throw in some oil-heavy products in your routine. Add an oil or creamy cleanser, hydrating toners/essence/serums, top off your moisturizer with a nice oil. Brands, just like consumers, are becoming more aware of how to shop for products based on skin type/conditions. One great example is my K-Beauty favorite – SokoGlam, you can search for products based on 4 skin types and 7 skin concerns. Treatment wise, dry skin still needs to exfoliate – yes you read that right! Dry skin still needs to eliminate those old skin cells so shiny new ones can come to surface. Personally, I would recommend a chemical exfoliator like lactic acid that’s gentle and has been show to be effective for dry skin types. Massage manipulations is a great way to stimulate dry skin without irritation. Get yourself an oil-rich massage cream and your favorite massage tool (or fingers and a basic oil if you’re ballin’ on a budget) and make slow upward manipulations to stimulate circulation.
Dehydrated skin lacks water and is a skin condition – meaning it technically can “go away” if you treat your skin with proper treatments and procedures. Skin can be dehydration-prone though, meaning this condition can come back frequently. Signs of dehydrated skin are tight feeling skin and creepy lines (can be seen very easily with foundation on). Dehydration can be due to so many things – air travel, poor office air circulation, intense heaters during the winter, poor body hydration, weather, humidity, etc.
Dehydrated skin can be a bit more tricky to manage because it can feel like it’s constantly showing up to kill the party. Skin that is dehydrated needs lot of care and water much like your sad hungover roommate. Product wise you’ll want to focus on anything that has a ton of hydrating ingredients – those humectants and emollients. Hyaluronic acid, facial spray and sheet masks are your new best friends. I have very dehydrated skin and tend to stay away from oil heavy products so I can focus on water-rich hydrating ingredients. Treatment-wise, gentle exfoliation and masking are a golden duo. I do sheet masks at least once a week, sleeping mask every night and my esthetician likes to use hydrating molding masks on me.
TLDR? Dry skin should be treated like you’re an Italian chef, soaking everything in delicious plant-based oils. Dehydrated skin should be treated the exact opposite of that succulent house plant you have – water as much as possible. Skincare is so much more simple when put into food and plant terms, right?